The Canadian passport is one of the most powerful in the world. Its citizens can now visit 184 countries around the world without needing a visa.
This is also true for the United States. Canadians, along with Bermudians, are the only citizens who do not need a tourist visa to enter the United States as non-immigrants.
Do Canadian Citizens Need a Visa for USA?
Canadian citizens do not require a visa to enter the United States for non-immigrant purposes, except in the following cases:
- Treaty traders and investors (an e-visa is required)
- Fiancé(e)s of foreign nationals (K-1 visa) and children of fiancées (K-2 visa).
- Foreign spouse(s) of U.S. citizens traveling to the U.S. to reside pending immigration proceedings (K-3 visas) and children of spouses (K-4 visas)
- Spouses of lawful permanent residents (V-1 visas) and their children (V-2 visas) traveling to the U.S. to reside while awaiting final completion of immigration proceedings
- Non-immigrant visas traveling to the U.S. for the purpose of employment are as follows.
- Canadian government employees (A visa) entering the U.S. for temporary or permanent employment.
- Officials and employees of international organizations (G visas) entering the U.S. on temporary or permanent missions.
- NATO officers, representatives, and employees deployed to the United States (not on official business).
Canadians and Bermudians are the only citizens in the world allowed to enter the United States for nonimmigrant purposes without applying for an ESTA. Therefore, Canadian passport holders do not need an ESTA.
However, the situation is different for foreign nationals who are residents of Canada. There are 39 countries in the world that fall under the U.S. Visa Waiver Program. If you are a citizen of one of these countries and a resident of Canada, you will need an ESTA to enter the United States.
US Visa Application Canada
The process of applying for a US visa from Canada consists of several steps that must be followed in the correct order.
Here is how to apply for a US visa from Canada.
- Determine the type of US visa you need.
- Find out where you need to apply.
- Fill out the online application form.
- Pay the fee for the machine-readable visa (MRV).
- Get all the documents you need to obtain a US visa from Canada.
- Make an appointment for a U.S. visa.
- Have a visa interview.
Identify the type of U.S. visa you need.
There are many different types of visas available in the United States. Therefore, the first thing you should do is find out what type of visa you need to enter the United States from Canada. The application process, fees, and documentation requirements vary depending on the type of visa you are applying for.
Check where you need to apply
If you are applying for a U.S. nonimmigrant visa from Canada, you will need to submit your application to the appropriate visa office that has been appointed by the U.S. Embassy to process visa applications for residents of Canada.
On the other hand, if you are applying for an immigrant visa to the U.S. from Canada, the petitioner (the sponsor in the U.S.) must submit the application to the U.S. National Visa Center.
Complete the online application form
You should complete the appropriate application form for your visa type. Please note that there are different application forms for different visa types.
The application form includes questions about personal information such as name, marital status, address, birth dates, contact information, email, passport information, family information, education and employment history.
Form DS-160 can be completed online.
- Through the Consular Electronic Application Center, or
- Use the services of a third-party vendor such as TravelAssist.
Pay the US Visa Fee Online in Canada
After answering all questions honestly, you can pay the US visa fee in Canada online and schedule an interview. Payment of the US visa fee in Canada can be made in the following formats.
- Online payment by credit/debit card
- Online bank transfer or cash payment at a bank
The MRV fee for Canadian visa applicants depends on the type of US visa you are applying for. The US visa fees in Canada are as follows.
- MRV fee – $160
- Petition-based applicants (H, L, O, P, Q, R) – $190
- TN visa applicants – $460
*However, if you are applying for an A, G or NATO visa, you do not have to pay the MRV fee.
Collect the required documents for a US visa from Canada
The most important thing to do when applying for a US visa from Canada is to gather the required documents. Depending on the type of your US visa and your nationality, you need to find out what documents are required. For each type of US visa, there are a number of specific required documents that the applicant must submit. Follow their instructions to gather all of these documents.
Remember that the entire process of applying for a U.S. visa is dependent on these documents. The visa interview is crucial in determining whether or not you will be granted a visa.
Below are some of the most common documents required to apply for a U.S. visa in Canada:
- Appointment Confirmation Page.
- A page confirming that you have completed the DS-160 application form – this will be emailed to you after you have completed the form.
- A valid passport – valid for at least six months from the date you plan to be in the United States. Please note that there must be at least one blank page in your passport in order to affix the visa.
- Two identical U.S. visa photos – 5 x 5 cm in size, in color, taken within the last six months; if you have already uploaded photos to your DS-160 application, you do not need to submit additional photos.
- Previous U.S. Visas (if applicable) – If you have been to the U.S. before, you will need to submit a visa to prove it. If these visas are pasted into an old passport, you will also need to bring that passport to the reservation center.
- ACRO (Police Certificate): This is a certificate issued by the police authorities in your country to prove if you have ever been arrested, cautioned or convicted.
- A letter from a licensed physician if you have a medical condition that could affect your visa eligibility.
- Letter of invitation for B-2 visa applicants.
If you have ever been denied entry to the U.S. or deported from the U.S., you must also provide documentation showing the reason for the deportation/denial.
Once you have all the necessary documents, we recommend that you research the travel insurance available in the United States.
Schedule a US visa appointment in Canada
If you are under 14 or over 79 years of age, you do not need to appear for an interview. On the other hand, applicants between the ages of 14 and 79 who are applying for a U.S. visa from Canada must appear in person at the U.S. Consulate or Embassy for a U.S. visa interview. Applicants under 14 and over 79 may apply by courier.
The U.S. visa interview may take place at the U.S. Embassy in Ottawa or at the following consulates in Canada.
- U.S. Consulate General in Calgary
- U.S. Consulate in Halifax
- U.S. Consulate in Montreal
- U.S. Consulate General in Quebec
- U.S. consulate in Toronto
- U.S. consulate in Vancouver
- U.S. consulate in Winnipeg
Apply for a US Visa from Toronto
To apply for a U.S. visa from Toronto, you will need to attend an interview. You can schedule your interview online.
To apply for a U.S. visa in Toronto, you must pay the visa application fee before your interview appointment:
- Address: 360 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1S4
- Telephone: 437-887-1448
- Non-immigrant visa email: TRTNIV@state.gov
- Investor visa email: EvisaToronto@state.gov
Apply for a US Visa in Calgary
To apply for a U.S. visa in Calgary, you must complete an interview. The consulate does not accept walk-in applications, so you must schedule an interview appointment online.
To apply for a U.S. visa in Calgary, you must pay the visa application fee before your interview appointment.
- Address: U.S. Consulate General Calgary, 615 MacLeod Trail SE, Calgary, Alberta, T2G 4T8
- Telephone: 403-266-8962
- Fax: 403-264-6630
- Email: Calgary_NIV@State.gov
Apply for a US Visa in Vancouver
To apply for a U.S. visa in Vancouver, you must have an interview. The consulate does not accept walk-in applications, so you must schedule an interview online.
Before you can make an appointment to apply for a U.S. visa in Vancouver, you must pay the visa application fee.
- Address: 1075 West Pender Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6E 2M6
- Telephone: 604-685-4311
- Non-immigrant visa email: VancouverNIV@state.gov
- Fiancé/fiancée visa email: VancouverK@state.gov
- Investor visa email: EvisaVancouver@state.gov
Apply for a US Visa in Montreal
To apply for a U.S. visa in Montreal, you will need to interview. The consulate in Montreal does not accept walk-in applications, so you must schedule your interview online.
To apply for a U.S. visa in Montreal, you must pay the visa application fee before your interview appointment.
- Address: 1155 rue St. Alexandre, Montréal, Quebec, H3B 3Z1
- Telephone: 514-398-9695
- Non-immigrant visa e-mail: Montreal-NIV@state.gov
- Immigrant visa e-mail: Montreal-IV-DV@state.gov
- Fiancé/Fiancée visa email: Montreal-IV-DV@state.gov
- Diversity visa email: Montreal-IV-DV@state.gov
Apply for a US Visa in Ottawa
To apply for a U.S. visa in Ottawa, you must have an interview. You can schedule your interview online.
You must pay the visa application fee before you can schedule an appointment to apply for a U.S. visa in Ottawa.
- Address: 490 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, ON, K1N 1G8
- Telephone: 613-238-5335
- Email: OttawaNIV@state.gov
Apply for a US Visa in Halifax
To apply for a U.S. visa in Toronto, you must have an interview. The consulate does not accept walk-in applications, so you must schedule an interview appointment online.
To apply for a US visa in Toronto, you must pay the visa application fee before your interview appointment.
- Address: 1969 Upper Water Street, Suite 904, Purdy’s Wharf, Tower II, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3J 3R7
- Telephone: 902-429-2480
- Email: ConsularH@state.gov
Apply for a US Visa in Quebec
To apply for a U.S. visa in Toronto, you must have an interview. The consulate does not accept walk-in applications, so you must schedule an interview online.
You must pay the visa application fee before you can make an appointment to apply for a US visa in Toronto.
- Address: 2, rue de la Terrasse Dufferin, Quebec, Quebec City, QC G1R 4N5
- Telephone: 418-692-2095
- Email: QuebecNIV@state.gov
Attend the US visa interview in Canada
On the day of your interview, please arrive on time. Arriving late may result in your interview being cancelled. Have all your documents with you and neatly organized so that you do not have a mess in your hands when you meet with the consular officer.
Prior to your interview, the Embassy/Consulate staff will collect, record and review your application materials. After your fingerprints are taken, you will have a few minutes of conversation with the consular officer.
To ensure a successful U.S. tourist visa application, use the services of Travel Assist.
Travel Assist’s experienced agents will handle your application with care and provide you with the assistance you need to apply for a U.S. visitor visa.
TN Visa for Canadian Citizens
In order to improve relations between countries, the United States joined with Canada and Mexico to form the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). This agreement has not only economic and trade benefits, but also travel and work benefits through the TN visa.
The TN visa is a non-immigrant visa that allows Canadian citizens to temporarily live and work in the United States. Holders of this visa must return to Canada when the visa expires. This visa only allows citizens of Canada and Mexico who do not have permanent resident status to work in the United States, provided they have previously found employment.
A unique feature of the TN visa is that it does not have to be sponsored by an employer. This makes it very cost effective for both the employer and the employee. The employer does not have to pay any fees other than the Form I-129 fee and a premium processing fee of $1,225, as with the H-1B visa.
Do Canadian Citizens Need a Visa to Study in the US?
Canadians who wish to study in the United States do not need a U.S. student visa. However, you must obtain several documents and present them to the U.S. official at the port of entry.
These documents are as follows
- A valid Canadian passport.
- An original I-20 certificate or DS-2019.
- Proof that you have paid your SEVIS fees.
- Evidence that you have the financial means to support yourself (including tuition) in the United States.
- Evidence of strong ties to Canada.
Native Indians Born in Canada Traveling to the US
Under the Jay Treaty of 1974, Canadian-born Indians can travel from Canada to the United States without a visa. However, they must be able to prove that they are at least 50% Native American.
Such proof may include:
- An identification card from the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs.
- A document prepared by an official of the tribe from which the ancestor came (based on official records and indicating what percentage of Indian blood he or his parents have).
Travelers must also present other forms of identification, such as.
- A driver’s license; or
In addition, travel documents are required that comply with the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI), which has special provisions for indigenous travelers.